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Ground squirrels can be a nuisance in your yard, causing damage to gardens, landscapes, and even structures. If you’re dealing with a ground squirrel problem, there are several methods you can use to remove them from your yard. In this article, we will explore various techniques, including habitat modification, repellants, toxicants and baits, exclusions and fencing, trapping, professional removal methods, common problems caused by ground squirrels, factors to consider in removal, and the cost involved. Let’s dive in!

Habitat Modification

One effective way to deter ground squirrels from your yard is through habitat modification. By removing attractants and creating barriers, you can make your yard less appealing to these pesky critters.

Removing Attractants

Start by eliminating any food sources that may be attracting ground squirrels. This includes removing fallen fruits and nuts, as well as securing garbage cans with tight-fitting lids. Additionally, keep bird feeders out of reach or use squirrel-proof feeders.

Creating Barriers

Another way to discourage ground squirrels is to create physical barriers. Install wire mesh or hardware cloth around gardens and flower beds to prevent access. You can also bury fences at least 1-2 feet below ground to prevent digging.


If habitat modification doesn’t suffice, you can try using repellants to deter ground squirrels from your yard.

Natural Repellants

There are various natural repellants you can use to discourage ground squirrels. Spreading predator urine, such as that of fox or coyote, around your yard can create the illusion of a threat and keep squirrels away. Other natural repellants include garlic, pepper, and predator decoys.

Chemical Repellants

Chemical repellants can also be effective in keeping ground squirrels at bay. Look for repellants specifically designed for rodents and follow the instructions for application. Be mindful of using chemical repellants in areas where children or pets might come into contact with them.

Toxicants and Baits

Using poison baits is another option for ground squirrel removal, but it should be approached with caution to ensure the safety of pets, wildlife, and children.

Using Poison Baits

Consult with a professional pest control company that specializes in ground squirrel removal to determine the most effective and safe bait options. Follow the instructions carefully to avoid unintended harm.

Precautions and Safety Measures

When using toxicants, it is crucial to take precautions to prevent accidental ingestion by non-target animals or humans. Place baits in secured bait stations that can only be accessed by ground squirrels. Keep children and pets away from treated areas until the poison has been fully eradicated.

Exclusions and Fencing

Installing fencing and sealing entry points can help prevent ground squirrels from entering your yard.

Installing Fencing

Choose a sturdy fencing material, such as hardware cloth, and ensure it extends at least 3 feet above ground level to prevent squirrels from climbing over. Bury the bottom of the fence at least 1-2 feet below ground to prevent burrowing.

Sealing Entry Points

Carefully inspect your property for any entry points that ground squirrels may be using. Seal off openings in attics, crawl spaces, and walls to prevent their access. Use materials like steel wool or caulk to fill gaps and cracks.

Ground Squirrel Trapping

If other methods prove ineffective, trapping ground squirrels can be an efficient approach.

Selecting the Right Traps

Choose traps suitable for capturing ground squirrels without harming them. Live traps, such as box traps, are commonly used and can be found at hardware or home improvement stores.

Proper Placement and Baiting

Place traps along known pathways or near entry points. Use bait that appeals to ground squirrels, such as peanut butter or nuts. Make sure to check traps daily and release trapped squirrels far away from your property.

Releasing Trapped Squirrels

When releasing ground squirrels, choose a location where they won’t cause problems for others or return to your yard. Consider consulting with local wildlife agencies for guidance on appropriate release areas.

Professional Methods for Squirrel Removal

If your ground squirrel problem persists or if you prefer professional assistance, there are specialized companies that offer removal services.

Home Inspection for Squirrels

A professional technician will conduct a thorough inspection of your property to identify squirrel entry points and assess the extent of the infestation.

Squirrel Trapping Services

Professional squirrel trapping services ensure the safe capture, removal, and relocation of ground squirrels from your property.

Squirrel Exclusion and Repairs

After removing ground squirrels, technicians will seal off entry points and make necessary repairs to prevent future infestations.

Common Problems Caused by Ground Squirrels

Garden and Landscape Destruction

Ground squirrels are notorious for damaging gardens and landscapes, feeding on plants, and digging burrows that can uproot plants and create unsightly holes.

Structural Damage

In addition to gardens, ground squirrels may cause damage to structures, chewing on wood, electrical wires, and insulation. This can lead to costly repairs.

Health and Safety Risks

Ground squirrels can carry diseases and parasites, posing a health risk to humans and pets. Their burrows may also pose a tripping hazard or lead to erosion problems.

Factors to Consider in Ground Squirrel Removal

Chances of Squirrels Coming Back

It’s important to consider the likelihood of ground squirrels returning to your yard after removal. Taking preventive measures, such as habitat modification, fencing, and sealing entry points, can help minimize the chances of reinfestation.

Timing for Effective Removal

Timing plays a crucial role in the effectiveness of ground squirrel removal. Seek professional advice on the best time to implement removal methods based on the squirrel’s life cycle and behavior patterns.

Cost of Ground Squirrel Removal

Factors Affecting the Cost

The cost of ground squirrel removal can vary depending on factors such as the severity of the infestation, the size of the property, and the chosen removal method. Professional services may incur additional costs.

Requesting Free Price Estimates

To get an accurate estimate, contact reputable pest control companies in your area. Many offer free inspections and price estimates to help you plan for the removal process.


Q: How do ground squirrels enter homes?

A: Ground squirrels can enter homes through small openings, such as gaps in the foundation, vents, or damaged areas of the roof. It’s important to seal off these entry points to prevent their access.

Q: Are ground squirrels aggressive towards humans?

A: Ground squirrels are typically not aggressive towards humans, but they may bite if threatened or cornered. It’s best to keep a safe distance and seek professional methods for their removal.

Q: What diseases can ground squirrels transmit?

A: Ground squirrels can carry diseases such as plague, tularemia, and various parasites. Avoid direct contact with them and their burrows and take appropriate precautions if you suspect an infestation.

Q: How can I discourage ground squirrels from nesting in my yard?

A: To discourage ground squirrels from nesting in your yard, remove attractants, create barriers, and follow preventive measures such as regular yard maintenance and cleanliness.

Q: Can I relocate trapped ground squirrels on my own?

A: It’s best to consult with local wildlife agencies to determine appropriate relocation areas for trapped ground squirrels, as releasing them in unsuitable habitats can lead to their demise or return to your property.


Dealing with ground squirrels in your yard can be frustrating, but with the right strategies, you can successfully remove them and prevent future infestations. Whether through habitat modification, repellants, toxicants and baits, exclusions and fencing, trapping, or professional removal methods, there are solutions to fit your needs. Consider the factors discussed in this article and take appropriate action to restore the peace and tranquility of your yard.

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